China is the runaway leader in generative AI patent applications followed by the US, the UN says

The U.N. mental property company says China has requested much more patents than another nation with regards to generative AI, with the United States a distant second

GENEVA — China has requested much more patents than another nation with regards to generative AI, the U.N. mental property company stated Wednesday, with the United States a distant second.

The expertise, which provides the potential to spice up effectivity and velocity up scientific discoveries but in addition raises considerations about jobs and employees, was linked to about 54,000 innovations in the decade by way of 2023, the World Mental Property Group reported.

Greater than 1 / 4 of these innovations emerged final yr — a testomony to the explosive progress and curiosity in the expertise since generative AI vaulted into broad public consciousness in late 2022, WIPO stated.

The brand new report on patents, the first of its sort, goals to trace patent applications as a doable indication of developments in synthetic intelligence. It focuses solely on generative AI and excludes synthetic intelligence extra broadly, which incorporates applied sciences like facial recognition or pc imaginative and prescient.

“WIPO hopes to offer everybody a greater understanding of the place this fast-evolving expertise is being developed, and the place it is headed,” WIPO Director-Common Daren Tang advised reporters.

Over the decade beginning in 2014, over 38,200 GenAI innovations got here from China. That is six instances greater than from the United States, which had practically 6,300. They had been trailed by South Korea with 4,155, Japan with greater than 3,400 and India with 1,350.

GenAI helps customers create textual content, photos, music, pc code and different content material by way of the use of instruments together with ChatGPT from OpenAI, Google Gemini and Ernie from China’s Baidu. The expertise has been employed by many industries together with the life sciences, manufacturing, transportation, safety and telecommunications.

Some critics worry that GenAI might exchange employees in some sorts of jobs or improperly take human-generated content material with out truthful or ample compensation to the folks behind it.

As with different sorts of patent applications, WIPO officers acknowledge that the amount of GenAI patents does not point out high quality. It is arduous to inform so early in the expertise which patents can have market worth or be transformative for society.

“Let’s see how the the knowledge and the way the developments unfold over time,” Tang stated.

The U.S. and China are sometimes seen as rivals in the improvement of synthetic intelligence, however by some measures U.S. tech firms are taking the lead in making the world’s most cutting-edge AI techniques.

Sixty-one notable machine-learning fashions emerged from U.S.-based establishments in 2023, outpacing the European Union’s 21 and China’s 15, in response to the annual AI Index from Stanford College’s Institute for Human-centered Synthetic Intelligence. Of EU nations, France had the most, with eight.

By one other measure, the U.S. additionally has the most so-called AI basis fashions — resembling OpenAI’s GPT-4, Anthropic’s Claude 3, Gemini and Meta’s Llama, that are big, versatile and skilled on huge datasets.

The U.S. additionally has led China in non-public AI investments and the variety of newly fashioned AI startups, whereas China has led in industrial robotics.


Matt O’Brien in Windfall, Rhode Island, contributed to this report.


Observe AP protection of synthetic intelligence at

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